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How Does Diabetes Lead To Kidney Failure?

How Does Diabetes Lead To Kidney Failure?

When you are asked to keep away from all the sugary goodness, you are most likely to be suffering from diabetes. If diabetes had to be defined medically, it is a condition when your body does not produce the much-needed insulin.

What Is Insulin?

Insulin is a hormone that is needed to regulate the amounts of sugar in the blood, a level which, when increases causing high blood sugar creates plenty of problems for the body.

save kidneys from diabetes

Diabetes And Its Types

Diabetes essentially is categorised into two types, 1 & 2. Type 1 is common among children, which affects the pancreas enough not to let the produce of insulin. This leads to doctors treating the patient with insulin injections, for the rest of the person’s life essentially. Type 2, is the adult-onset diabetes category and is an occurrence in people above the age of 40 in general. This type is different from Type 1. In Type 1, the pancreas does not create enough insulin the body might need, but in Type 2, the pancreas can produce enough insulin, but the body is unable to use the same properly. Treatments for this usually involves plenty of medications, including insulin injections in some cases and a controlled diet. These methods bring about a balance to the high blood sugar levels in the body, and hence the diabetes problem is controllable in many cases. There’s also another type of diabetes known as gestational diabetes that happens during pregnancy and corrects itself after that.

However, does Diabetes affect the kidneys?

Diabetes has adverse effects, both long-term and short-term to various bodily functions as well as many organs. This disease does not spare kidneys. Diabetes is known to injure small blood vessels in the kidneys, and when this happens, it creates problems for the kidneys to function correctly.

The small blood vessels are known to clean the blood properly, which it is unable to with the prevailing condition. On the other hand, with the functionality part, kidneys are then unable to balance body needs like with diabetes the body will start retaining more water and salt that it ideally should, resulting in massive weight gain and ankle swelling. On the other hand, the urine will contain protein and waste materials which are meant to be discarded by the body will build up in the blood.

Apart from directly affecting the kidneys, diabetes also hurts the nerves of the body. This damage results in causing difficulty in emptying bladder contents. During this process, the pressure that builds up due to the kidneys’ and the body’s inability to relieve the bladder of its contents, will lead to a full bladder, will eventually injure the kidneys. Bladder infection due to the urine remaining in it for longer than necessary could also develop, which could result in rapid bacterial growth in urine that has a high sugar level.

Diabetic Kidney Problems

Signs of a kidney problem in diabetic patients

The most common and earliest sign of a kidney problem in diabetic patients is the excretion of albumin in the urine. You can conduct specialised tests to reveal the same. Then there is the factor of weight gain and ankle swelling, which is one of the most common elements of diabetes but is an indicator of pressure mounting in the body. Other signs include frequent visits to the bathroom, especially at night time.

As for some of the late signs, which are usually indicators for impending kidney failure. During this period, patients will experience an increase in their blood urea nitrogen levels and creatinine levels in the blood. Nausea, vomiting, appetite loss, overall weakness, increased fatigue, constant itching, muscle cramps, anaemia etc. are other late signs of the problem. There is also an apparent need for lesser insulin during this time because the kidneys then tend to cause less breakdown of the insulin.

Diabetic Kidney Treatment

What should be done?

Blood urine and blood pressure must be checked on a yearly basis, at least once. The purpose of this and regular checks with your doctor as well as conducting various tests if necessary will only help along to control the disease and thus letting doctors treat it as early as possible. This will assist in avoiding many complications for the person, especially to the kidneys. Maintaining control of your diabetes can lower your risk of developing severe kidney disease.

Son in the aftermath of the kidneys being affected, you need to ensure along with your doctor the following –

  • How to control diabetes
  • Control of high blood pressure
  • UTI treatments
  • Urinary system problems corrections
  • To avoid medications that might damage kidneys

These are the treatments, as well as many a doctor could recommend depending on the condition prevailing in the patient. Overall, diabetes could take a deadly turn with affecting the kidneys. Ask your doctor for proper advice on how to prevent it for as long as possible or for methods to control the body after kidneys are affected.

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