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Urinary Tract Infection & Its Treatments

Urinary Tract Infection & Its Treatments

Many of you might be very scared of using public washrooms. One reason behind that is the fact that these washrooms are dirty in most cases, but other than that, there is also the fear of contracting something called UTI. While some of you might know what is it, please understand that there are several people who don’t know much about it, yet are scared that they might get it. 

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What is UTI?

Urinary Tract Infection or UTI as its widely known, is an infection in the tube which is responsible for transporting the urine from the bladder to the outside of the body, known as the urethra, which is located close to the anus. 

Several bacterias, such as E.coli which emerge from the large intestine, have the perfect escape to enter the urethra through the anus, and from this point, they travel to the bladder and also infect the kidneys. UTI, when left untreated, could have severe repercussions for the organ in particular. 

On the other hand, many women have a shorter urethra and are prone to be affected more. This is because the shorter urethra tends to allow the bacteria quick access to the bladder. Then there is the factor of sex, which when the person has, is also known to introduce the bacteria into the urinary tract. 

It is safe to state that women are more prone to UTI. Research suggests that the chances are that one in two women are expected to be affected by UTI during their lifetime. Many of these women are subject to repeat infection, which even lasts for years altogether. But the most important thing is to understand that UTI, irrespective of it being affected for the first time or possibly the seventh time on one's life, the treatment methods are more or less the same, and it's vital to know how to handle it properly. 

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Few symptoms of UTI

  • Women feel a burning sensation while urinating
  • Lower abdomen or back areas feel a kind of pain or pressure
  • Urine might become bloody, cloudy, dark or smell strange
  • Always feeling tired or shaky
  • Persistent fevers or chills.
  • Frequent visit to the toilet, with little output

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Treatments

Usually, doctors start by recommending medications and specific changes that could be brought to the diet or lifestyle of the woman. In general, there are always bits of advice on safe sex and sanitary cleanliness, which could be one of the reasons for UTI to be contracted.

However, in the case that the patient suffers from three or more UTIs in a single year, then the doctor recommends an individual treatment plan, such as –

  • Taking a low dose of an antibiotic. This is specifically designed to be considered for a more extended period and is known to prevent repeat infections. 
  • Single antibiotic dose after sex.
  • Taking the antibiotics for a period of 1 or two days, but only whenever the symptoms appear.

Treatments are plenty as this is one of the most common problems in women. It also depends on what kind of infection a woman might be carrying regarding UTI. At times the problem could be chronic, but the treatment mentioned above options are the most commonly recommended ones. For the chronic version, there could be specific methods to treat but also depends on the treating doctor as well as the problem in the patient. 

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