An Overview Of Diarrhoea

An Overview Of Diarrhoea

Have you ever felt the urge of going to the washroom every now and then and end up embarrassing yourself by excusing yourself continuously?

It gets difficult especially when you are in a public place and need to go to the washroom every now and then as your bowel movements just don’t seem to stop and they are not of normal or the usual consistency. All of you must have experienced this at some point or the other. This is condition known as Diarrhoea.


The condition of diarrhoea affects almost everybody every now and then clocking over 2 billion cases every year according to statistics and this number is only for the major developing countries, India included.

Extremely watery and loose stools or motions as it is commonly called, is what characterises this condition which is commonly caused by parasites, bacteria or viruses. Diarrhoea can be a mild and temporary condition but if the cause is an underlying disease, it can become a life threatening condition which is why, if you are suffering from this condition and it has been going on for a long time, visit us at Sankhya Hospitals so that we can diagnose the condition and prevent it from becoming chronic and dangerous for your health.

What are the causes of Diarrhoea?

Diarrhea is mainly caused by an infection in the gastrointestinal tract. The infection is particularly caused by:

  • Bacteria
  • Viruses
  • Parasitic organisms

In the countries which are developed, irritable bowel syndrome (IBS) is the most common cause of diarrhea.

IBS is a mixture of a complexity of various symptoms. It starts with the cramping of abdominal pain and then moves on to changes in bowel habits, including diarrhea, constipation, or even both.

Diarrhoea Causes

Another cause of diarrhoea is Inflammatory bowel disease (IBD). There is often blood in the stool in both conditions and is mainly responsible in causing chronic diarrhoea.

 Some of the other causes of diarrhoea include:

  • Malabsorptive and maldigestive diarrhoea: Malabsorptive Diarrhoea is caused by an impairment in nutrient absorption, the Maldigestive diarrhoea is caused by an impaired digestive function.
  • Chronic infections: A history of travel or antibiotic use can cause chronic diarrhea. Various bacteria and parasites are usually responsible for this.
  • Microscopic colitis: This is a kind of chronic diarrhea that usually affects the elderly or the old, often occuring during the night.
  • Drug-induced diarrhoea: Many a times, laxatives and other drugs, including antibiotics, can trigger diarrhoea.
  • Hormonal Imbalances: Sometimes hormonal factors are said to cause diarrhoea like in the case of Addison disease.
  • Cancer: Cancers in the stomach can often be the cause of diarrhoea.

How do you know if you have diarrhoea?Coming to the symptoms of diarrhoea, the disease as such is characterised by watery stools as mentioned before, but there are also other symptoms which come along with it. Some of these symptoms are:

  • Excessive thirst
  • Pain in the stomach
  • Stomach Cramp
  • Bloating
  • Fever
  • Weight Loss

Diarrhoea Symptoms

These are the general symptoms which accompanies loose motions as a symptom however, in the more dangerous cases of diarrhoea, there symptoms are far more severe.

These symptoms include:

  • Continuous vomiting
  • Dehydration
  • Blood in the stool

How can diarrhoea be treated?

When it comes down to the treatments of diarrhoea, most acute cases do not need any kind of treatment however, for the chronic cases, the diagnosis should be accurately done and accordingly, treatment options are given.

For diarrhoea, especially if it is chronic, you need to consult your doctor, or you can visit us at Sankhya Hospital and we can help you treat this condition. Until then, here are some treatment options of this condition you should know about.

  • First and foremost, to curtail diarrhoea, rehydration is a must. That does not mean you go have fizzy drinks or milkshakes. Rehydration includes ONLY water as your body fluids are lost to a great extent due to the watery stools and your body needs that lost fluid to be replaced.
  • ORS: Apart from water, ORS or Oral Rehydration Solution or Salt is very effective. Salt and glucose once mixed in water can replace the water and the lost electrolytes in the small intestine and can treat around 90% cases of diarrhoea which are not severe in nature.
  • Over the counter medication: If water or ORS does not work, over the counter medications are the next option. There are many medicines available for diarrhoea but it is important for it to be prescribed by your doctor as everyone’s body is different and not all medications suit everybody.
  • Antibiotics: If the diagnosis reveals, that the case of diarrhoea you are suffering from is caused due to a bacterial infection, only then antibiotics can be used to treat severe cases of this condition.
  • Diet: A complete switch in diet is a must and as instructed by your doctor, you must follow it. Any kind of food which has high liquid content, such as soup, broth, diluted fruit juices are good for health and also foods which are high in Potassium such as potatoes without the skin and bananas. Consumption of chocolates, mint filled gum, coffee should not be taken.

Diarrhoea Treatment

Even though diarrhoea is a common condition and in most cases, is not dangerous and is acute, it is always better to be careful and consult with a doctor and follow the preventive measures of not consuming the mentioned foods.

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