Pain in your knees? Knee cartilage damage – An Overview

Pain in your knees? Knee cartilage damage – An Overview

The Anatomy Of Your Knee And its Significance
The knee is one of the most important parts of our body. You must be wondering why.
Where does all your body weight fall?

On your knees.

So, let’s take a brief look at what your knee is made of and how it functions.
Human Knee

Know Your Knee
The knee is one of the most complicated, and stressed joints of the human body. It holds most of the body’s weight, helps in movement, and is also the largest joint that is extremely prone to a wide range of injuries.

It is a ball and socket joint that joins the thigh bone(femur) and the shin bone (tibia). The other bones that are a part of the knee are the smaller bone alongside the tibia which is called the fibula, and the patella which is the kneecap. Apart from the bones, there are ligaments that attach the bones and aid in the motion and flexibility of the knee joint.

Their ligaments are:

  1. Anterior cuticle ligament (ACL)
  2. Posterior cuticle ligament (PCL)
  3. Medial and lateral collateral ligaments
  4. Medial and lateral menisci (cartilage)

These ligaments are responsible for the femur and the fibula staying attached and prevent them from dislocating from their original positions. There are two C-shaped cartilages called medial and lateral menisci pose as shock absorbers between the thigh and the shin bone. The knee cartilage is a connective tissue, which is a combination of tough and flexible material that helps the joint move freely and is quite vulnerable to damage. Now what helps the bones smoothly move on the cartilage is of synovial fluid. This is filled in the sacs known as numerous bursae present in the knee.

So, when there’s a slightest of the problems that slip into your knee, it creates a dysfunction. There are a number of factors that can affect the functioning of your knee. Let’s look at the possible conditions that can reduce the shock absorbing ability of the medial and lateral menisci (cartilages) of the knee. Knowing this will help you deal with the care and management of your knee.

Factors That Damage Your Knee Cartilage
There are a couple of practices that you normally do, not realizing it could actually be damaging your knee. Here we have them jotted for you.

Knee Cartilage Damage

  1. An absence of physical activity – It is essential to have the regular movement that helps the joints function normally. When there is absolutely no activity, the joints tend to become stiff. This results in damaging the cartilage in the knee.
  2. Intense impact of an injury – This is commonly seen in people who are into sports. The maximum knee cartilage damages can be seen in people who play football, rugby, tennis, etc. Another cause could be an accident causing trauma to the knee, such as a car crash or a bike skidding.
  3. Possible abrasion and deterioration of the knee cartilage – This is very common among people above the age of 40. Age place a vital role in the deterioration of the joints and the knee is one of the most affected. However, 20 years old’s are not free of this risk. It could be a possibility of a connective tissue disorder, or if the person is overweight. Weight causes a lot of physical stress that can result in loss of cartilage.

Symptoms you need to watch for

  • Pain and swelling in the joints – There will be inflammation which gradually develops over a period causing swelling and redness around the joint, which is very painful even when you have limited movement. The pain increases when you put weight or pressure on the knee.
  • Joint stiffness
  • A sensation of something rough being rubbed
  • Joint Locking

Sometimes the symptoms of a cartilage damage are quite similar to that of a sprain which can be a little confusing. Only a close examination of the knee done by an orthopedic specialist can give you an accurate answer as to what it could be.

If you have been experiencing similar pain, stiffness or joint locking, don’t ignore a visit to your doctor. It will help you understand how well your knee is doing, what you can do to get rid of the pain, and what best you can do to improve your knee function. Nevertheless, if you are diagnosed with a knee cartilage damage, your doctor will guide you through what to do to treat the condition.

Dealing With A Damaged Knee Cartilage

Self-care is the first thing you’d want to go ahead with. It’s always the preferred option. Isn’t it? Here’s a short list of what you can do to deal with a damaged cartilage in case it is not severely damaged.

  1. Be cautious of any pressure being put on the knee, and make sure you avoid anything that can injure your knee. Wearing a kneecap might help you.
  2. Give good rest to the affected joint, but also make sure of giving that little bit of movement and exercise that keeps the movement smooth.
  3. If you feel the pain is increasing, keep your knee on an elevation and dab it occasionally with an ice pack. This will avoid the chances of swelling and inflammation.
  4. Consult your doctor before taking pain killers and any over the counter medicines.


Surgery can be avoided in most cases unless the damage has reached a degree of needing a surgery. Recovery will also depend on how severe the damage was, and how well your body reciprocates to the treatment and post-surgical rehabilitation.

If you are looking for external professional help, feel free to write to us. You can also book an appointment that’ll bring you to us, and we shall bring you relief from the pain. So help your joints work more efficiently with just one visit.

About The Hospital

A full fledged, 100-bedded hospital, Sankhya Multispeciality Hospital offers treatment and facilities at par with the best available globally. From 24-hour ambulance service, pharmacy and diagnostic centre, to specialised services that extend from Dermatology to Orthopaedics, General Medicine to General Surgery, Gynaecology to Urology, ENT, Plastic Surgery, Laparoscopic SurgeryNeurology, Ophthalmology and more. It is one of the Best ENT Hospital in Hyderabad thanks to the skilled doctors and state-of-the-art technology.


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