Prostatitis: Symptoms, Causes and Treatment

Prostatitis: Symptoms, Causes and Treatment

The prostate gland which is a walnut-sized gland situated directly below the bladder in men experiences swelling and inflammation and this condition is known as Prostatitis. In other words, Prostatitis is the infection of the prostate. The prostate gland is responsible for producing semen, while also nourishing and transporting sperm.

Condition of Prostatitis

In the condition of prostatitis, there is often tremendous pain, and patients face difficulties while urinating. These are the main symptoms of prostatitis. Other symptoms include groin pain, pain in the genitals or pelvic area as well as flu-like symptoms.

Causes of Prostatitis:

Prostatitis is not conducive to a particular age group of men but could affect men of all ages, but men who are 50 or above are prone to prostatitis more. The primary cause of prostatitis is due to a bacterial infection. This problem usually starts with a urine leak into the prostate. But this is just one reason for the problem to occur, while the leading cause in many prostatitis cases is unfound.

Causes of Prostatitis

Other causes of Prostatitis include – 

  • A microorganism that might be causing chronic prostatitis
  • The immune system may be responding to a previous UTI
  • Immune system responding to nerve damage in the area

However, those above reasons are on one side and many risk factors increase the chances of a prostate infection including

  • Bladder obstruction
  • Infections
  • Sexually transmitted diseases
  • Enlarged prostate or an injury in the area, which could encourage infection.

Symptoms of Prostatitis:

  • Burning or pain while urinating
  • Vomiting and nausea
  • Aches to the body
  • Inability to empty bladder
  • Chills and fever
  • Abdomen pain or in the lower back

Symptoms of Prostatitis

Treatments For Prostatitis:

First, the doctor will determine the type of prostatitis the patient might be suffering from. For instance, there are bacterial prostatitis and chronic prostatitis as the major types of the problem.

For Bacterial Prostatitis, doctors usually  recommend an increase in liquid intake, which in turn helps the body flush out the bacteria, and alternatively avoiding items such as alcohol, caffeine and acidic or spicy foods are also recommended

Antibiotics and antimicrobials are also recommended for 6-8 weeks, while hospitalisation is a must of the doctor determine the problem as acute.

In the case that there is a blockage in the bladder or some anatomic problem, surgery might become the option for treatment which helps in improving urine flow and urinary retention by removing scar tissue.

In the case of chronic prostatitis, the use of antibiotics is recommended to be continued for at least six months, which is understandable to prevent reoccurrence of the problem Alpha blockers are also option doctors suggest for it helps the bladder muscles to relax and lessen existing symptoms.

Additionally, there are many alternative treatments such as –

  • Prostatic massages
  • Heat therapy
  • Kegel exercises
  • Myofascial release
  • Relaxation exercises
  • Acupuncture
  • Biofeedback

Consulting Your Doctor immediately when the symptoms are persistent as well as causing you a world of trouble. Your doctor might be the best person to tell you about the problem from an individual standpoint better.

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